5 modules (2 modules with max 25 question and 3 modules max 50 questionS)
5 modules (2 modules with max 25 question and 3 modules max 50 questionS)
A 4-week-old has been vomiting repeatedly for the past several days. It is getting worse. Today it occurs immediately after nursing and is so forceful it shoots across the room! He appears ravenously hungry, and drinks vigorously, but immediately vomits again.
Infant has evidence of dehydration. On abdominal exam there is a small, firm, “lump” that can be felt in the upper abdomen.
An abdominal ultrasound shows thickening of the pylorus
Consider the effect that repeated vomiting would have on the electrolytes of the body.
He will need to receive IV fluids to correct his dehydration and electrolyte imbalances before heading to surgery to relieve the obstruction.
Answer the following questions based on the scenario and article above and save your responses in a Microsoft Word document. Provide a scholarly resource in APA format to support your answers.
Understanding that HCl is produced in the stomach and that he has been vomiting his stomach contents, predict the acid/base imbalance that repeated vomiting will cause.
Predict the effect on blood chloride level from repeated vomiting?
“Normal saline” is often used to treat dehydration. What does it mean for the saline to be “normal”?
Research to discover signs or symptoms of dehydration. List 3.
Explain how an alteration in respiratory rate can compensate for an acid- base imbalance.
You will pick a disease for your pathophysiology paper. The disease must be for one of the organ systems covered this term listed in the syllabus. Select a disease from current events that is an emerging or reemerging concern to you or people in your area. Provide local epidemiological data for the disease.
The paper must be in APA format.
You must have a title page.
You must have 2-5 pages in the body of the paper.
You must have a reference page.
The total of the paper with the title page, body, and reference should be 4-7 pages.
You cannot submit a paper previously written for this or any other class.
Just a reminder that plagiarism is not permitted. You must submit your own work! Don’t forget to provide your in-text citations.
Your paper must include:
Introduction to the disease and the organ system (history, signs, symptoms, epidemiology etc.)
Discussion of the normal anatomy and physiology of the organ system involved (cell and tissue populations involved, organs, primary functions, connections to other body systems)
Discussion of the changes to the anatomy and physiology as a result of the disease (pathophysiology)
Discussion of treatment/prevention options
3 primary and at least 2 secondary scholarly sources
For information about APA formatting and citations visit the GMC Library Guide on Citation Management at http://gmcga.libguides.com/citationmanagement
List of Body Systems Covered in BIO 207:
List of Possible Topics: – You can choose any disease as long as it is associated with the systems above.
Cancer (select a specific type)
Spinal cord injuries
Sickle Cell disease
a. Incidence in US (data must be from 2020-22). (Hint: associate the incidence with the life expectancy)
b. Pathophysiology (brief description of the main anatomical/physiological events leading to the disease)
c. Stem cell treatment (focus on advantages and disadvantages)
d. Nursing care and physical therapy goals for Parkinson’s patients.
1. Your assignment must be of minimum of 100 words, with standard APA formatting and complete and details citations.
2. Submit your assignments to the corresponding drop-box on or before the due dates.
urpose: The purpose of the project is to serve as an artifact, showing that students have demonstrated achieving the competency of scientific literacy.
This assignment specifically addresses the following Galen College of Nursing General Education Competencies: 2. Communication. 3. Information Literacy. 4. Critical Thinking. 5. Scientific Literacy.
You will need to work on this assignment weekly throughout the quarter. Your completed assignment will be due during week 9 of the quarter. Please do not wait until the last minute to work on this assignment. It is your responsibility to submit the completed assignment before the DropBox closes. No hard copies or emailed copies will be accepted once the DropBox is closed.
This project requires the ability to understand and apply scientific knowledge that you acquire both inside and outside the anatomy and physiology classroom. You will be presented a pathology that is applicable to the systems we have covered and will be assigned by your instructor. This is a pathology that you may encounter in your nursing career.
As you progress through this course, you will acquire information in a sequential, topic-specific manner. Each topic will include information that is relevant to this assignment. For example, the knowledge you gain from the lesson on cell morphology will be applied to later system-specific questions. Your explanations on each sub-topic should include information from sources that go beyond the textbook or classroom. You are expected to clearly understand the meaning of each topic before you construct your answers. For example, you are expected to know the meaning of “homeostasis” and to understand the topics that are connected to it. Don’t forget to read and understand the rubric before you start. Refer to it often – it will help guide you through the process.
Description of the pathology
Normal anatomy of major body system affected
Normal physiology of body system affected
Mechanism of pathophysiology
Students will be assigned individual topics related to physiology and pathological conditions of physiological systems.
The student will be required to complete criteria 1-7 in a written paper.
The paper will be a minimum of 4 and a maximum of 6 pages long not including a title and reference pages.
A minimum of three APA-style references must be included in the paper. There should be an APA-format references page at the end of the presentation. Additionally, in-text citations should be included when appropriate. Reputable resources include peer-reviewed journal articles, textbooks, interviews with clinicians who deal with these pathologies on a daily basis, personal experiences, class lectures, and other scientific sources.
The student should use a font size of 12, Times New Roman, and double-spaced throughout. The paper should be written with the text aligned to the left margin with 1” margins.
Students should review the information about plagiarism in the Student Catalog. Any copying of information from another source without giving proper credit through a citation will be met with severe consequences. In line with this, however, the entire presentation should not be directly copied from other sources. The student is expected to compose ideas in their own words, and only use text from other sources as a minor supplement.
RESEARCH PAPER: An original APA style five pages paper (a minimum of 1500 words, turned in as a hardcopy) will be due week 15. Topic areas may include 1) a biography of a famous scientist or physiologist detailing his/her contribution to the field of Physiology, 2) a commercial biotechnology product involving anatomy and physiology, 3) a genetic disease. Or 4) a disease affecting one of the body systems being studied). To avoid duplicate topics, or topics that are too broad to cover in 1500 words, you must submit two potential paper topics for review by week 6. A one-page outline is due week 11 and will be graded as an assignment. For full credit, papers must include a minimum of five references from at least three different types of resources (Textbooks & scientific peer publication, No web source(online websites). The paper will total 10% of the course grade.
BREAKDOWN OF YOUR PAPER
1. INTRODUCTION —CITATIONS
2. CAUSES OF THE DISEASE –CITATIONS
3. SYMPTOMS -CITATIONS
4. DIAGNOSIS — CITATIONS
5. TREATMENTS — CITATIONS
31. Describe how the nephron regulates water excretion.
Each of your kidneys is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron includes a filter, called the glomerulus and a tubule The nephrons work through a two-step process: the glomerulus filters your blood, and the tubule returns needed substances to your blood and removes wastes (NIH, n.d. ,para. 5). The nephron controls water by the movement of sodium chloride in and out of the filtrate, and the water will follow sodium depending on the osmotic gradient. Water will move from where there is a lesser concentration of sodium chloride to where there is a higher concentration of sodium chloride (Custers, 2013, para. 21 ). As blood flows into each nephron, it enters a cluster of tiny blood vessels—the glomerulus. The thin walls of the glomerulus allow smaller molecules, wastes, and fluid—mostly water—to pass into the tubule. Larger molecules, such as proteins and blood cells, stay in the blood vessel (NIH, n.d. ,para. 6). A blood vessel runs alongside the tubule. As the filtered fluid moves along the tubule, the blood vessel reabsorbs almost all of the water, along with minerals and nutrients your body needs. The tubule helps remove excess acid from the blood. The remaining fluid and wastes in the tubule become urine (NIH, n.d. ,para. 7). The majority of water and other substances which are filtered through your glomeruli are returned to your blood by the tubules. Critical thinking
The nephrons are very important for the filtration of substances in our kidneys, if the nephrons are damaged it can result in kidney damage or failure. The most common cause of nephron damage is high blood pressure and diabetes but they can also be damaged by physical injury or diseases. To make things worse, nephron damage cannot be repaired. Damage to the nephrons can cause complications such as fluid retention which can result in swelling, high blood pressure, and pulmonary edema. If damage to the nephrons goes untreated than it may get worse and even lead to kidney failure and/or death.
Word count: 341
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Your kidneys & how they work. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved November 11, 2022, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidneys-how-they-work
Custers, E. (2013, January 28). The urinary system: Nephron and Urine Formation. Owlcation. Retrieved November 11, 2022, from https://owlcation.com/stem/The-Urinary-System-How-the-Nephron-Works-in-Urine-Formation#:~:text=The%20nephron%20controls%20water%20by,higher%20concentration%20of%20sodium%20chloride. Instructions: Peer Responses
125 Words Minimum
Click Reply when in a post to nest your responses under that main post.
RESEARCH (Label this section)
Teach the topic to students. Responses must add new information not previously discussed. Consider new factual information tied with critical thinking. Share interesting and current research on the topic.
Use APA citations in the post to clarify sources.
Do not simply summarize another student’s post and agree/disagree.
Consider starting out posts with, “A research article I found said,” “Did you know,” or “Three things I found interesting were… .”
CRITICAL THINKING (Label this section)
Pose new possibilities or opinions not previously voiced.
Connect the dots. Why is this an important topic for you, your community, society, or the world? How does it relate to other concepts in the text?
Add references and word count for all posts.
Work cannot be deleted or edited once posted.
Work is graded based on the rubrics.
Posts should be completed over three different days (for example, Tue, Wed, Thu).
It is encouraged that your initial post be posted by Wednesday to keep you on track for the week, and all posts must be complete by Sunday at 11:59 pm each week.
See late policy in announcements to see limitations.
Describe the effects of Covid-19 & its effects on individuals with asthma. Include pictures as well, in addition to APA format citaions
Anatomy and Physiology
On the anatomy and physiology of Luxation
Is it sent via word doc?
Watch the video
Describe the Normal digestion of lactose (including its subunits), and what is different about the digestive system of lactose intolerant individuals. Include how this difference results in the symptoms associated with lactose intolerance.