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Ethics

Assignment 1 explored ethnocentrism.

Cultural Relativism
I have my ethical views and you have yours; neither my views nor yours are better or more correct. I may believe that a particular war was unjust, and you may believe that it was just. Someone else may believe that all war is wrong…we each have our individual histories that explain how we have come to hold our particular views or attitudes. But they are just that-our own individual views and attitudes. We cannot say that they are correct or incorrect because to do so would assume some objective standard of right and wrong against which we could judge their correctness. Such a standard does not exist.
Cultural Relativism
Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues 9th Edition (p. 46)
Assignment 1 explored ethnocentrism. Assignment 2 will explore cultural relativism. This one will require deep pondering. You begin by asking yourself if there are certain absolute rights and wrongs. Then consider if you have ever violated an absolute wrong? How do you know that something is absolutely wrong? By what standard do you judge others’ actions?
Remember applied ethics? Let’s explore some case studies so you can practice applying what you have learned.
First, we need to establish some assumptions:
You have established what is right and wrong for yourself
You have based your belief about what is right and wrong in such things as religion, education, humanism
One of those beliefs is that “killing is wrong.” You could never kill. This belief is not relative to a culture or situation; it is an absolute metaethical wrong.
Case Study #1
You study the Inuit culture and find that the elderly would be stabbed or left to freeze on ice flows. Death occurs swiftly. You think how barbaric this was and judge the culture as such. Now consider the way many elderly die in the U.S. today: confused, moaning, incontinent in diapers, a slow, agonizing death, perhaps being tube fed and given medications to prolong life. How would the Inuit of the day view our culture from this lens?
Case Study #2
You are studying ethics in war. You are not concerned about killing in war. War has different rules. Killing is OK in war. You have to kill to be in war. Private Doss participated in war yet held to his ethical beliefs. He did not kill, he saved, at great personal risk. Does this now mean that killing during war is wrong? Does it mean that killing during war is right? Does it support that everything is relative to our cultural beliefs? Watch the trailer for Hacksaw Ridge (02:25).
Case Study #3
Lawrence Franks (84) promised his wife, suffering from dementia, that he would never put her in a nursing home. Lawrence lovingly cared for his wife for years until her condition became too serious, and he was unable to properly care for her. He felt that she was suffering. He then killed his 86-year-old wife to fulfill his promise. He was charged with murder. Is Mr. Franks guilty of murder? Read his story.
Case Study #4
Jungdan Chow and his family have a tradition passed down for generations. The entire family would go to the markets to pick out dinner. This was a very special dinner as delicacies they could not typically afford were carefully chosen and prepared. Even the young children could sense the excitement in the air as they strolled through the market. Bat and fresh, boiled dog, were chosen that day and they hurried home to begin the feast, feeling connected to their ancestors by hundreds of years of tradition.
…wet markets are the predominant food retail outlets for fresh produce and meat in Chinese cities. They have very few supermarkets…. hedgehogs and peacocks and wild rabbits and snakes, deer; crocodiles as well. Many of these wild animals, they’re not necessarily caught in the wild – right? – so they can be farmed animals. They’re just exotic food that’s not very commonly found. Eating wild animals is considered a symbol of wealth because they are rarer and more expensive. And wild animals are also considered more natural and, thus, nutritious, compared to farmed meat. It’s a belief in traditional Chinese medicine that it can boost the immune system. Excerpted from: https://www.npr.org/2020/01/22/798644707/why-wet-markets-persisted-in-china-despite-disease-and-hygiene-concerns
Express your thoughts on cultural relativism.
Include the following aspects in the assignment:
How would you judge right and wrong from different cultural perspectives and different situations?
When making an ethical decision that will impact others, how would you assure that you are not viewing right and wrong from the perspective that only your culture knows?
To complete this, write one paragraph for each Case Study
There is no right or wrong answer here; you will be graded on the depth of your reflection

Categories
Ethics

Second part to the essay you did for me yesterday.

Second part to the essay you did for me yesterday. Use 2 theories (Kanye deontological theory or John Stuart mills theory to analyze case story on time theft.

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Ethics

Discuss the situation.

1. Read the article: “The Race Problem with Artificial Intelligence Links to an external site.
2. Watch this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wLqsRLvV-c
3. Answer these questions:
A. After reading the article, how would you respond to someone who says “Robots can’t be racist, they’re not human” ?
B. Have you ever encountered Racist AI out on the internet? Discuss the situation. IF you have not encountered Racist AI, why do you think that is? It’s for a reason, I promise you that.

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Ethics

Do not repeat what is shown on the slide, which makes for a boring training meeting.

Ethic’s Training Program – Create a PowerPoint, which is your annual review for existing employees and new employee training on your company’s ethics policy. Your Power Point presentation MUST have speaker’s notes to tell me what you will be saying while the slide is shown. Do not repeat what is shown on the slide, which makes for a boring training meeting.
I have attached the business information and policies that will be needed for this assignment.

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Ethics

Are they courageous or cowardly?

How should we describe the terroristic hijackers who killed thousands of people on September 11th 2001? Are they courageous or cowardly? Attacking innocent, unarmed, civilian non-combatants is presumably cowardly, but facing death without flinching in the name of a cause one believe in seems courageous. What is the correct explanation of this horrific act, in terms of virtue?

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Ethics

Discuss current ethical issues facing healthcare managers and leaders today

1. Discuss current ethical issues facing healthcare managers and leaders today
2. Critique the distinctions and overlaps between law and ethics
3. Characterize the concepts of respect for persons, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice

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Ethics

What are the pros and cons of policies and programs that have tried to address segregation and its effects on health? you will then research articles to develop an arguement (thesis) and write a 13 paged paper.

In this assignment you will write a term paper on some topic relevant to health and the unfairly structured city.
The topic could be about a particular empirical pattern of health inequity, policy or program interventions to improve health equity, comparing different theoretical / conceptual perspectives on health inequity or some other topic. A good place to look for paper ideas is in recent issues of relevant journals, for example, the Journal of Urban Health, Cities & Health, BMC Public Health and Health & Place.
it should generally be in the style of a scholarly paper that carefully sets out the problem, clearly indicates the argument that you intend to make, uses appropriate evidence to support that argument, summarizes the argument and then discusses its implications for policy and practice. It should be in a style that would be acceptable to a scholarly journal.
Your term paper should be more than just descriptive. The term descriptive means just reporting figures, events, the opinions of others, etc. Your report, in addition to including descriptive material should also involve some critical analysis on your part. Critical analysis means more than just whether you like or agree / disagree with what someone has said, but whether their argument is cogent and consistent, and also often involves bringing in competing perspectives to shed light on things that an author has overlooked or not sufficiently justified
Topic ideas: 3. What can be done to address socio-economic and/or ethno-racial segregation and its attendant impacts on health? What are the pros and cons of policies and programs that have tried to address segregation and its effects on health?
you will then research articles to develop an arguement (thesis) and write a 13 paged paper. NO PLAGARISM. I have an app. I expect a turn it in summary too. Please read thr attached documents very carefully.

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Ethics

Is abortion morally acceptable?

Is abortion morally acceptable? This is the core question, but expand your answer by referring to Kant, Mill, Thomson, and by explaining whether you think it is ever morally acceptable in any situation, morally unacceptable in every situation, or morally acceptable in every situation. Ground your answers in the theories we have discussed this semester.

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Ethics

However, it also brings a dangerous phenomenon known as plagiarism, prevalent in settings where scientific writing is most needed.

o first introduce the issue and the different types; may be a case and link it to the 3/4 principles we learned.
o 8-10 pages
Plagiarism
Today we live in the age of science and technology, which allows us to obtain information faster and more efficiently. However, it also brings a dangerous phenomenon known as plagiarism, prevalent in settings where scientific writing is most needed. Plagiarism is a severe problem in which someone uses another person’s written or creative work as their own, whether entirely or partially, without properly granting them ownership. Furthermore, taking credit for another person’s efforts is considered both illegal and unethical in every way. Furthermore, plagiarism is rising because it comes in various forms that are difficult to distinguish without proper knowledge. Plagiarism is regarded as a significant threat to the scientific community because it harms the community’s reputation and exposes the well-known journals that publish the writing to public scrutiny and mockery. As a result, the ethical consequences of plagiarism may have a significant impact on organizations, people, and society, resulting in violations of moral principles such as beneficence, autonomy, and non-maleficence in favor of convenience. Many organizations and groups attempt to develop strategies to deal with scholarly misconduct and plagiarism. They are interested in learning how to curtail or stop these behaviors to improve the community.

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Ethics

Discuss the role of the internet / social media in serving as a public sphere in today’s society.

Discuss the role of the Internet / social media in serving as a Public Sphere in today’s society.
Please use the theories and concepts, such as personal data protection, right of privacy, freedom of speech, and hate speech, etc., we have learnt in lectures 4 and 5 as the moral ground to discuss this topic.
Submission Requirements:
Minimum 600 words – 800 words maximum (2-3 pages double-spaced)
You may want to do some research in addition to using information from my
lecture notes.
Your essay must be typewritten. Please indicate the word count at the end of the
essay.
Please submit a softcopy of your assignment in Word document (not pdf) online
via the “Assignment 2 submission link” provided on Moodle.
Late submission carries a grade penalty of 1% for every hour late (it means you
will receive a zero mark for this part of the assignment if it is twelve hours late).